Ching-yuan Wei-hsin, a Chinese Ch'an master, once said this:
Thirty years ago, when having not studied Ch'an, this monk saw mountain was mountains and water was water.
Later, when following the good teacher's guide, this monk...
WHO IS IN THE WELL?
When Yang-shan Hui-chi (807-883), as a young monk, paid a visit to the Ch'an master Hsing-k'ung, there was a monk who asked Hsing-k'ung: -What is the meaning of the Patriarch's coming from the West? Hsing-k'ung replied: -Suppose there is a man in a thousand foot deep well, if you could get him out without using an inch of rope, then I would tell you the meaning of the Patriarch's coming from the West. The monk said: -Recently the priest Ch'ang of Hunam was talking in this way or that for people, too. Hsing-k'ung then called Yang-shan: -Novice, take this corpse out of here. Later, Yang-shan took this up to Tan-yuan and asked: -Sir, how could you get that man out of the well? Tan-yuan said: -Idiot! Who is in the well? Yang-shan did not understand. Later he asked Kuei-shan the same question. Kuei-shan immediately called out [Yang-shan's name]: -Hui-chi! Yang-shan responded: -Yes! Kuei-shan said: -He's out. At this, Yang-shan was greatly awakened. He said: -At Tan-yuan I got the essence; at Kuei-shan I got the function.
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